The International Commission on Occupational Health held its triennial congress in Dublin, Ireland two weeks ago, where the opening keynote speaker was Dr Kurt Straif. He works for the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), a division of the WHO based in Lyon, France and the focus of his lecture was the burden of occupational cancer. In a wide-ranging presentation, he touched on the potential causative effect that night shift work may have in the development of breast cancer.
The British Medical Journal in 2009 reported that women in Denmark who developed breast cancer after many years of working night shifts received compensation, a ruling which was thought would have significant implications for similar claims elsewhere in the world. The Danish decision was based on an earlier ruling by the IARC: “shiftwork that involves circadian rhythm disruption is probably carcinogenic to humans.” It is believed the disturbance of the internal biological clock can cause changes in melatonin – an important neuro-hormone – which may, in turn, lead to the development of breast cancer.
Earlier this year Dr Xuelei Ma of Sichuan University in Chengdu, China published a meta-analysis of international data in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention in which he demonstrated a positive association between long-term night shift work and an increased overall risk for cancer in women, particularly breast cancer. One specific group – night nurses – were found to have a “remarkable” 58% increased risk for breast cancer. In a statement, Ma (seen left) said: “Given the expanding prevalence of shift work worldwide and the heavy burden of cancers, we initiated the study to draw attention to this issue.”
Productivity demands of the modern world have meant that increasing numbers of employees in various sectors – manufacturing, mining, entertainment, healthcare and transportation – are now working night shifts. In South Africa, the mining industry employs a large cohort of workers and an increasing proportion of them are women. The diamond company De Beers, for example, has 16,000 employees of whom 34% are female.
“These results might help establish and implement effective measures to protect female night shifters,” said Ma. He added, “Long-term night shift workers should have regular physical examinations and cancer screenings.” In Dublin, Straif (seen right) concluded his keynote presentation by highlighting the need for better exposure data and assessment, a change in research funding to focus on occupational cancer prevention, and the management of conflicts of interest. As the nursing profession has discovered, night shifts can be risky.
People seem to be losing the whole point!
Many causes of breast cancer have been postulated. Whether sitting on one’s bum, using deodorant or picking ones nose is a contributing factor is really of academic interest.
Looking for an elusive cure/cures is also an admirable undertaking, possibly light years in the future.
What is important is finding the tumor early. You can’t begin treatment until you find it.
What better tool do we have than Cape Rays D 2 AB US mammography machine, now available for purchase in South Africa and Europe. .Capable of finding 85% of breast cancers
Harvard radiology Prof. Dan Kopans is anxious to combine his expertise with yours and develop the D 3 AB US mammography machine which we know will be capable of finding 95% of all
early breast cancers in women with or without dense breast tissue’
What amazes me is that we have too beg for funding in order to develop this incredible machine.
I am hopeful that the CEO of Amazon will see the international value of this life-saving machine, to save thousands of women from premature deaths from breast cancer.
Your admirer and friend,
In a way breasts are appendages. In males, the appendages are more obvious. It would be interesting to know whether male nurses and other night shift workers have been subjected to statistical analysis for an increased incidence of testicular cancer. However, treatment by CapeRay machines in that area could be quite problematic, although human ingenuity……